Among them was Rosa Cohen, a member and later commander in the Haganah, who was involved in providing first aid to the wounded, evacuating them from the Old City and transferring them to Hadassah Hospital. The Haganah also co-operated with British Intelligence Units and sent its personnel out on various commando missions in the Middle East, and Central Europe. It was the first major Haganah operation and it was the first time that a "brigade force" was employed. “Now, after 100 years, it’s time to talk about these chapters as well,” says Peleg Levy, a documentarian who has interviewed hundreds of veterans over the last decade – including members of right-wing and left-wing underground organizations – as part of a project documenting Israel’s history. The Birth of the Palmach. Page 276. pages 83/82. Such operations continued right up to the establishment of the state. While the Haganah boasts of its heroic acts and looks down on similar right-wing groups, its history also includes dark operations it would prefer not to mention, “The memory of what was done in Lubya, like the memory of all the other abominable acts that preceded it, will forever disgrace its destructive perpetrators.”. But there is another aspect to the Haganah that will not feature prominently in the centenary celebrations, and which is not well known to the public or part of the high school curriculum. Part of Operation Yiftach; opening up Tiberias–Metula road Battle of Safed — May 6–12, … But few have heard about the one a month later by underground members of a left-wing organization. This is how the murder in Lubya was described in Davar. They conquered the village and imprisoned dozens of Arab combatants. Following is a list of operations undertaken by the Yishuv and later Israel to acquire munitions abroad. The exact number of dead and injured is unknown to this day. Haaretz.com, the online edition of Haaretz Newspaper in Israel, and analysis from Israel and the Middle East, © Haaretz Daily Newspaper Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Get email notification for articles from Ofer Aderet. The plan was to prevent the expulsion of some 2,000 illegal immigrants, who the British were deporting from Haifa to a detention camp in Mauritius. Its original purpose was that of defending Jewish communities from possible attacks by Arabs, such as the 1920 attack in Jerusalem, and the Great Arab Revolt of 1936-1939 in Mandatory Palestine. “Privately, people didn’t worry about telling these stories, while the collective they belonged to did not relish talking about it,” Levy says. This body consolidated the armed resistance to the British of the Irgun, Lehi, and Haganah. “This incident is amusing,” he says, referring to a flyer the Palmach published after the murder. Morris, page 113. It can be assumed that delivering a blow to one or more of these centers [i.e.. 'All That Remains' lists 20 towns and villages e.g. The three men found the suspect at home, dragged him to an open area and castrated him. A squad of Haganah soldiers gained entrance to the hotel’s basement and placed explosives there before detonating them. “If there’s a Lehi conference in which they don’t talk about the assassination of Folke Bernadotte [the Swedish diplomat murdered by Lehi members in 1948], people will complain. The most famous was the assassination of Lord Moyne, the British minister of state in the Middle East. Yitzhak Sharansky from Tel Aviv, Baruch Manfeld from Haifa and Walter Strauss and others also fell victim to internal assassinations by Haganah members. This is how the murder in Lubya was described in Davar. The Sex Worker Who Spied for Israel's Pre-state Militia, Intelligence Documents Reveal What Ben-Gurion Learned on the Eve of Declaring Israel's Independence, He Laid the Foundation for Israel's Army. The Haganah was a Zionist paramilitary organisation created in 1920 and integrated into the Israeli army in 1948. The blast was meant to hit the headquarters of Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, commander of the Arab militias fighting Jewish forces in the Jerusalem area. Berger fell bleeding,” wrote Prof. Yehuda Lapidot, an Irgun member who later researched the history of Mandatory Palestine. With the British conquest of Ereẓ Israel, it seemed that there would be no need for a Jewish defense organization, for a European power had assumed responsibility for the preservation of civil order with the aid of legally constituted forces from the yishuv. Morris, page 100. Internet Haganah also is an activist organization which attempts to convince businesses not to provide web-based services to such groups, and collects intelligence to store and pass on to government organizations. Young Haganah recruits training at the beach in 1941. Especially in favor of this position was Vladimir *Jabotinsky. Berl Katznelson, the ideological leader of the labor movement, wrote the next day to Shaul Avigur, one of the Haganah’s leaders: “Know that the day of the Patria sinking is for us like the day of [the 1920 fall of] Tel-Hai,” thus trying to assign to the event foundational national status. Alexandroni, Carmeli, Golani Brigades. 'a number of villages in the vicinity of Jinin'. “A British inspector was murdered last night while walking alone in Jerusalem, wearing civilian clothes,” Haaretz reported the next day. Israeli control of West Jerusalem, Jordanian control of East Jerusalem. November 13 – Lehi grenade attack on British soldiers in cafe leaves 1 dead and 27 wounded. Peleg Levy’s documentary project included an interview from 2010 with the commander of that operation, Aharon Spector. Three British women and a child were killed in the explosion. Yitzhak Sadeh, left, the founder of the Palmach (the Haganah’s elite strike force), is seen in this file photo taken in 1948 next to Yigal Allon, who later headed the Palmach. Despite this, the Haganah has a list of blemishes to its name, ones that former members would be only too happy to expunge from memory. However, the damage wrought by the blast was so immense that the ship sank along with some 250 passengers. Morris, pages 126–127. The murders, described as a revenge attack for the killing of a Jew by villagers in Lubya, was carried out by members of the Haganah’s special ops unit. The first Jew to be executed by the Haganah was Baruch Weinschell, who was accused of giving the British information about illegal immigration. According to Spector, the order came from Yigal Allon. This period was named "Battles of the Ten Days" in Israel. He added that the fingers of right-wing organization members were lighter on the trigger, but emphasized the role of Haganah members in assassinating Jews. Passover 1920 in Jerusalem, the few women participating in Haganah operations were nurses at Hadassah who were recruited to provide first aid. This aspect has been excluded from museums, parades, and the official and state-sanctioned history books. 'aimed ... at wresting from Arab control further areas in and around Jerusalem', Morris, page 102. Haganah operatives purchased large quantities of arms from the United States, Western Europe, and Czechoslovakia, and sent them to Palestine. He was a British informant who had revealed the location of hidden weapons and was subsequently condemned to death by the Haganah. Internet Haganah is a "global intelligence network dedicated to confronting Internet activities by Islamists and their supporters, enablers and apologists.". The official website of the Palmach describes the castration incident as one of “the exceptions, an extremely cruel one,” committed by its members in those years. Relations with British satisfactory and GOC states “Jewish Agency and Haganah determined not to attack British”. Haganah member Avraham Tehomi and other associates were believed to be behind de Haan’s assassination on a Jerusalem street in June 1924. 'All That Remains' list 11 villages captured by the Golani Brigade during this operation. All That Remains. Internet Haganah is a "global intelligence network dedicated to confronting internet activities by Islamists and their supporters, enablers and apologists." Truces of the war up to the IDF, he sensed he was a Zionist paramilitary organisation created 1920... ', Morris, page 102 `` little triangle '' refers to villages. Ten months the Irgun holds one in which they don ’ t talk about the one a month later underground. 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